Battle of marathon essay

Battle of marathon essay

The Greek 'Golden Age', centred in Athens, brought about new forms of art, the foundations of future philosophy and redirected literature and drama. When Athens sent a small fleet in support of the Ionian rebels they immediately gave Persia a new target for further expansion. Some of the Athenians were prepared to help the Persian and without publicly acclaiming so, hoped for their victory. Either way, the Athenians evidently realised that their city was still under threat, and marched as quickly as possible back to Athens. How tried his valor, Marathon may tell, And long-haired Medes, who knew it all too well. Meanwhile, as with the Greeks, there were large numbers of unarmored men but still smaller in quantity compared with the Persians. Mardonius re-subjugated Thrace and made Macedonia a fully subordinate part of the Persians; they had been vassals of the Persians since the late 6th century BC, but retained their general autonomy. How to cite this page Choose cite format:. The failure of the revolts and the ruin of Sardis and Miletus shocked the Greek world. Ten generals were selected for command, each leading the troops for a single day in rotation.

When full moon had come, Sparta sent 2, soldiers to the assistance of the Athenians. It was the first time the Greeks had beaten the Persians, proving that the Persians were not invincible, and that resistance, rather than subjugation, was possible.

battle of marathon strategy

The case lends vital information as to the method and the purpose of not only amphibious landings but also the general theme of naval warfare In the meantime, the situation of the Persian army had deteriorated, and the Persian commander Datis, awaiting in vain some sign from his friends in Athens, was forced to rake a decision as to the necessary course of action Gillis The plain of Marathon, where the battle occurred, is situated between a range of steep hills and the sea, with a relatively narrow passage running between the hills to the inland areas, where the city of Athens lay at a distance of approximately In reality neither side was as black or white as they have subsequently been portrayed.

The revolts of a few …show more content… The victory at Marathon and the successful defence of the city, gave the Athenians a sense of moral superiority and pride. Marathon allowed Athens to raise itself to a position of prestige and importance in the Greek world.

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Battle of marathon summary

But when the Athenians began to gain ground and refused to yield to the Persians, the geographical facts of the battle began to work against the Persians. The Athenians prevailed, then followed the fleeing Persians and struck them down. For the Athenians, it was their flanks that did the trick. The battle commenced on the morning of the 12th of August, B. After the second occupation of Athens after the battle of Salamis, the Athenians gave Sparta an ultimatum due to a lack of Spartan support. The achievements of the Athenians during this period were directly connected to the inspiration and prestige which later translated into power fuelled by the events at Marathon. The Spartans did not arrive to help.

In victory they let the routed foreigners flee, and brought the wings together to fight those who had broken through the center.

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Battle of Marathon