Particular justice is what most people today mean when they speak of justice, but we must remember the Bible uses both definitions of justice.
In The Social Contract, he maintains that, in a well-ordered society, the general will rather than the will of any individual or group of individuals must prevail. Justice depends on desert, and desert is a matter of past performance, rather than of future possibilities.
Of course, there is the problem of trying to objectify the subjective value of just restitution and, for retributionists, the degree of deserved punishment. Like Hobbes, Hume is a radical empiricist and a determinist who is skeptical of justice as an objective, absolute virtue.
Whereas restitutionists would tend to argue for life imprisonment for convicted murderers on the basis of extended self-defense, retributionists would argue for life sentences and some for capital punishment on the basis of deserved punishment. In the ancient world punishments for crimes often far outweighed the crime itself.
Many classical liberals hold that persons should be able to pursue happiness by voluntarily exchanging any of their rights.
Justice demands outcomes will be different depending on the circumstances, but every person should be treated equally with fair processes. Despite their different roles in procreation, child-bearing, giving birth, and nursing babies, there is no reason, in principle, why a woman should not be as intelligent and virtuous—including as just—as men, if properly trained.
Christians, if we want to be about justice, we need to be more patient before we pass judgment, especially online.